Batocera scripts

You can opt to have scripts launched at various points in Batocera. This will change the location you save the script to and how it opens.

Sometimes you just want to fire up one script after successfully booting, for example when you want to start up a VPN or other after-boot tasks. In order to do this, create a script text file at /userdata/system/ Be aware that the script will be executed independently of the executable (x) attribute being set to the script file or not!

This script is the very last one that will be invoked by Batocera at boot time (check /etc/init.d/ to see all the modules that are loaded before then, S99custom is when the user script is launched). The filename must be otherwise it will not be checked.

Make sure your script ends with Unix line terminators (LF), not Windows-style line terminators (CR/LF) otherwise the script will not launch. Use a real text editor to edit your scripts, especially if you edit them under Windows.

To distinguish between different events, the first argument parsed in the script will change:

  • start Only when Batocera is booting.
  • stop Only when Batocera is shutting down.
  • restart FIXME
  • reload FIXME

Putting code outside of cases which check these arguments will always be executed on both boot and shutdown.
# Code here will be executed on every boot and shutdown.
# Check if security is enabled and store that setting to a variable.
case "$1" in
        # Code in here will only be executed on boot.
        enabled="$(/usr/bin/batocera-settings-get system.samba.enabled)"
        if [ "$enabled" = "0" ]; then
            echo "SMB services: disabled"
            exit 0
        # Code in here will only be executed on shutdown.
        echo -n "Shutting down SMB services: "
        kill -9 `pidof smbd`
        rm -f /var/run/samba/
        echo "done"
        # Code in here will executed (when?).
        echo "SMB services: reloaded"
        # Code in here will be executed in all other conditions.
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
exit $?

In Batocera v32 and higher, you can instead opt to launch a script early in the boot process, before much of Batocera has even begun loading. This is done by storing the script in the boot partition at /boot/ Keep in mind that you will be limited to more basic commands/modules, as most things have not loaded yet. The filename must be otherwise it will not be checked.

Precisely, this is the first thing executed once init.d has begun. This is before the network/share population/IR remote daemon have even loaded so capabilities are limited. Check /etc/init.d to see the exact order of all the modules have been loaded in (S00bootcustom is when the /boot/ is executed).

This can be used to effectively patch and/or override the modules loaded by Batocera. Here are some examples that are only possible with this method:

  • Customize or disable S33disablealtfn to allow a certain text mode console on a particular TTY session.
  • Run fsck -a or e2fsck -p to harden the file system against data corruption in the case of a power cut/disconnection.

Batocera 5.23 and higher supports running a script right before a game launches and/or after a game is exited. Here are some examples:

  • Automatic controller setup
  • Automatic scraping for new games
  • Change screen resolution (though it might be better to use switchres for this)
  • Sync savestates to an external/network device
  • … give me your idea here

Place an executable script (can have any filename) with the correct setted shebang (first line!) or an executable binary into directory /userdata/system/scripts/.

You can add as many subfolders as you want, every script placed there will be executed. To distinguish between START or STOP condition the first argument parsed in the script have either of these flags:

  • gameStart is passed to your scripts if you select a game from EmulationStation (Game Starts!)
  • gameStop is passed to your scripts if you are going back from a game to EmulationStation (Game Stops!)

If you do not set cases for first argument, then the script is executed on every start and on every end of a game.

Table of parsed arguments in correct order and their functions:

Arg no. Parsed Parameter Usage
1 gameStart or gameStop To distinguish between START or STOP condition
2 systemName The system shortname as is in es_system.cfg, eg. atari2600
3 system.config['emulator'] The emulator settings, eg. libretro
4 system.config['core'] The emulator core you have chosen, eg. stella
5 args.rom The full rom path, eg. /userdata/roms/atari2600/Mysterious Thief, A (USA).zip

At first create the directory where the scripts need to be set up. Connect through SSH and type mkdir /userdata/system/scripts. After this we can set up our first script by typing nano /userdata/system/scripts/ The filename can be anything readable by bash.

Here's the template script:
#This is an example file how Events on START or STOP can be uses
#Set logfile location and filename
#Case selection for first parameter parsed
case $1 in
        echo "START" > $logfile
        echo "$@" >> $logfile
        echo "END" >> $logfile

Now you can see a log file created /tmp/scriptlog.txt, that parsed all arguments in this file. This is just a small test of course. You can check out the SSH page and the usage of batocera-settings page for general and Batocera-specific commands.

In case Batocera's provided scripting functionality is not sufficient, ES itself also triggers scripts of its own volition. Extra scripts can be created at /userdata/system/configs/emulationstation/scripts/<event name>/<script>.sh; unlike regular Batocera scripts the event named will trigger all scripts in the respective event folder. For instance, to have a script execute at every game-start event, it must be placed in /userdata/system/configs/emulationstation/scripts/game-start/.

Unlike with Batocera scripts, EmulationStation scripts must be marked as executable with the chmod +x command. For example:

# Open up a text editor to create your script:
nano /userdata/system/configs/emulationstation/scripts/game-start/
# Write in your script, save and exit.
# Then to add the executable bit to it:
chmod +x /userdata/system/configs/emulationstation/scripts/game-start/

This means that if your userdata partition is of the NTFS, exFAT or older file system that are missing the executable bit functionality, it will fail to execute.

Event name Arguments Notes
game-start ROM name rom, ROM path basename When a game starts. Nearly identical to Batocera's gameStart, however this doesn't include as much information and only triggers when it's ES itself that starts it.
game-end N/A When a game ends. Nearly identical to Batocera's gameStop, however this only triggers when it's ES itself that ends it.
game-selected getSourceFileData()→getSystem()→getName(), getPath(), getName() New to Batocera v33. Whichever game is currently being hovered over. Includes games shown during the screensaver.
system-selected System getSelected()→getName() New to Batocera v33. Whichever system is currently being hovered over in the system list.
theme-changed Theme being switched to theme_set→getSelected(), Previous theme oldTheme When a different theme is selected. Mostly used for theme/element reloading.
settings-changed N/A When a system setting is saved.
controls-changed N/A When a controller mapping is saved from the CONTROLLER MAPPING menu.
config-changed N/A Whenever any configuration, be it system settings or controller mappings, is changed.
quit N/A When the system is told to do a regular shutdown.
reboot N/A When the system is told to do a reboot.
shutdown N/A When the system is told to do a fast shutdown.
sleep N/A When the system is told to sleep. This is currently unused in Batocera.
wake N/A When the system is told to wake from sleep. This is currently unused in Batocera.

EmulationStation sends different arguments to these scripts based on the event type. For game-related events:

Arg no. Parsed parameter Usage
1 system The current system of the game.
2 rom The filename of the current game.
3 romname The name of the game as specified in its metadata.

All events need to be added here.
# Save the arguments into variables.
# Convert an argument into another value.
if [[ "${system}" == "fbneo" ]]; then
# Switch case for certain systems.
case ${system} in
# Execute this part every time this event triggers.
curl -G \
        --data-urlencode "t=${romname}" \${system}/`basename ${rom}`
# by cyperghost for batocera
echo "END Script!" >> $testfile
echo "Parameter: $@" >> $testfile
echo "Systemname: $1" >> $testfile
echo "Emulatorcore: $2" >> $testfile
echo "ROM: $(basename "$3")" >> $testfile 
[[ "$4" == "libretro" ]] && echo "You are free!" >> $testfile || echo "No hotkey is pure hell eh??" >> $testfile
    # - place to /userdata/system
    # by cyperghost 23/11/19
    if [[ $1 == stop ]]; then
        batocera-es-swissknife --emukill
  • Splash video during game load (x86/x86_64) (credit to @algernon)
# Adds system specific loading screen videos to x86 builds of batocera via VLC
# Add your .mp4 videos to /userdata/loadingscreens naming them each with the same as in your roms folder i.e named snes.mp4 to play a video before for each snes game.
# Add this script in /userdata/system/scripts then chmod+x /userdata/system/scripts/ in terminal to give this script permissions to run
do_videostart ()
	vlc play --fullscreen --no-video-title-show --play-and-exit $video
# Comment out the above phrase and uncomment this one to enable playing loading videos concurrently with emulator launch instead of before (experimental) 
#do_videostart ()
#	video="$1"
#	vlc_opt="play --fullscreen --no-video-title-show --play-and-exit"
#	vlc $vlc_opt $video &
#	PID=$!
if [[ "$1" == "gameStart" && -n "$2" ]]; then
	[[ -f "$video" ]] || exit 1
	exit 1
do_videostart "$video"
#wait $PID
exit 0
# Replace or comment out all the other code above except for the first bash line then uncomment the following phrase to enable a single loading splash for all systems. It should be named default.mp4 in the same folder as above.
#case $1 in
#	gameStart)
#		vlc play --fullscreen --no-video-title-show --play-and-exit $default
#	;;
#exit 0
do_videostart ()
    # Launch the video
    omx_opt="--no-keys --layer=10000 --aspect-mode=fill"
    omx_srt="--no-ghost-box --lines=1 --align=left $omx_fnt --font-size=20 --subtitles=/usr/share/batocera/splash/"
    # Disable sound
    omx_nosound="-n -1"
    # -911 = Volume set to 35% (On omxplayer)
    # 1/(10^(911/2000)) = 0.35034828830157
    /usr/bin/omxplayer -o both --vol -2500 $omx_opt $omx_srt $omx_nosound $video &
if [[ "$1" == "gameStart" && -n "$2" ]]; then
    # Filecheck
    [[ -f "$video" ]] || exit 1
    exit 1
do_videostart "$video"
#wait $PID
exit 0
# Install videos of ZIP file to /userdata/OGST/
# Install scripts to /userdata/system/ and /userdata/system/scripts/ to use this script.
clean_cache () {
	if [ -f $cache_file ]; then
		rm -f $cache_file
case "$1" in
        # init TFT screen
        [ `/sbin/lsmod | grep -c spi_s3c64xx` -ge 1 ] && rmmod spi_s3c64xx
        modprobe spi_s3c64xx force32b=1
        modprobe fbtft_device name=hktft9340 busnum=1 rotate=270 force32b=1
        # wait fb1 loaded
        while ! test -e /dev/fb1 -o $N -gt 15; do
                sleep 1
                let N++
		# rename fb1 to fb_ (trick to ovoid conflics with some emulators like reicast...)
		mv /dev/fb1 /dev/fb_
        logo_file=$default_logo && loop=default_logo_loop
		logo_file='stop.mp4' && loop=false
		logo_file=$default_logo && loop=default_logo_loop
		logo_file=$default_logo && loop=default_logo_loop
		case "$2" in
			3do)				logo_file='3do/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			amiga)				logo_file='amiga/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			amigacd32)			logo_file='amigacd32/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			amstradcpc)			logo_file='amstradcpc/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			apple2)				logo_file='apple2/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			atari800)			logo_file='atari800/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			atari2600)			logo_file='atari2600/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			atari5200)			logo_file='atari5200/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			atari7800)			logo_file='atari7800/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			atarist)			logo_file='atarist/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			atomiswave)			logo_file='atomiswave/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			c64)				logo_file='c64/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			cavestory)			logo_file='cavestory/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			colecovision)		logo_file='colecovision/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			dreamcast)			logo_file='dreamcast/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			fba)				logo_file='fba/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			fds)				logo_file='fds/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			gameandwatch)		logo_file='gameandwatch/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			gamegear)			logo_file='gamegear/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			gb)					logo_file='gb/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			gba)				logo_file='gba/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			gbc)				logo_file='gbc/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			gx4000)				logo_file='gx4000/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			intellivision)		logo_file='intellivision/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			jaguar)				logo_file='jaguar/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			lynx)				logo_file='lynx/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			mame)				logo_file='mame/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			mastersystem)		logo_file='mastersystem/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			megadrive)			logo_file='megadrive/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			msx)				logo_file='msx/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			n64)				logo_file='n64/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			naomi)				logo_file='naomi/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			neogeo)				logo_file='neogeo/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			neogeocd)			logo_file='neogeocd/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			nes)				logo_file='nes/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			ngp)				logo_file='ngp/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			ngpc)				logo_file='ngpc/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			o2em)				logo_file='o2em/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			pcenginecd)			logo_file='pcenginecd/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			pcengine)			logo_file='pcengine/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			pcfx)				logo_file='pcfx/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			pokemini)			logo_file='pokemini/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			prboom)				logo_file='prboom/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			psp)				logo_file='psp/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			psx)				logo_file='psx/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			satellaview)		logo_file='satellaview/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			saturn)				logo_file='saturn/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			scummvm)			logo_file='scummvm/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			sega32x)			logo_file='sega32x/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			segacd)				logo_file='segacd/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			sg1000)				logo_file='sg1000/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			snes)				logo_file='snes/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			sufami)				logo_file='sufami/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			supergrafx)			logo_file='supergrafx/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			thomson)			logo_file='thomson/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			vectrex)			logo_file='vectrex/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			virtualboy)			logo_file='virtualboy/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			wswan)				logo_file='wswan/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			wswanc)				logo_file='atari800/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			x68000)				logo_file='x68000/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			zx81)				logo_file='zx81/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
			zxspectrum)			logo_file='zxspectrum/video.mp4' && loop=true ;;
draw_logo () {
	if [ $3 = true ]; then loop=-1; fi
    dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/fb_ 2>/dev/null >/dev/null   #clear before draw
    ffmpeg -hide_banner -re -stream_loop $loop -i $1/$2 -c:v rawvideo -pix_fmt rgb565le -f fbdev /dev/fb_ 2>/dev/null >/dev/null &
	echo $! > $cache_file
# draw logo
if [ "$logo_file" != "" ]; then
	# kill last played video if running
	if [ -s $cache_file ] ; then
	    kill -9 $(cat $cache_file)
	# draw
	draw_logo $logo_folder $logo_file $loop
exit 1
case "$1" in
    # LED init
    echo "$LED1" > /sys/class/gpio/export
    echo "$LED2" > /sys/class/gpio/export
    echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$LED1/direction
    echo 0 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$LED1/value
    echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$LED2/direction
    echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$LED2/value
    #Button init
    echo "$SHUTDOWN" > /sys/class/gpio/export 
    echo "in" > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$SHUTDOWN/direction 
    #This loop continuously checks if the shutdown button was pressed 
    #It sleeps as long as that has not happened. 
    buttonstate1=$(cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio$SHUTDOWN/value)
    shutdownSignal=$(cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio$SHUTDOWN/value)
    while [ $shutdownSignal = $buttonstate1 ]; do 
        shutdownSignal=$(cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio$SHUTDOWN/value)
        sleep 0.5
    shutdown -h now 
      #unexport all GPIOs
       #echo "$SHUTDOWN" > /sys/class/gpio/unexport 
       echo "$LED1" > /sys/class/gpio/unexport 
       echo "$LED2" > /sys/class/gpio/unexport 
exit $?
# disable auto load/save state inside ES
# add 'global.retroarch.savestate_auto_load=true'
# to your batocera.conf
# by cyperghost aka lala for BATOCERA
# download this script to '/userdata/system/scripts' and set executable bit
rom_no_ext="$(basename "${5%.*}")"
[[ "$(batocera-settings get global.autosave)" -eq 1 ]] && exit
[[ "$(batocera-settings get global.retroarch.savestate_auto_load)" == "true" ]] || exit
if [[ $1 == "gameStart" ]]; then
    file="$(/bin/ls "$sav_path/$rom_no_ext."* -turR1A | tail -1)"
    [[ -n "$file" ]] || exit
    [[ "${file##*.}" == "png" ]] && file="${file%.*}"
    [[ -f "$file" ]] || exit
    cp -f "$file" "$sav_path/$"
if [[ $1 == "gameStop" ]]; then
    rm -f  "$sav_path/$"

Play a video on a second screen

Original forum post with a deeper explanation. Artwork needs to be sourced and placed in the appropriate Marquee and roms/Marquee folders first.

Place into system/configs/emulationstation/scripts/game-selected
System=$1 #system name
Romname=${2%.*} #romname
/userdata/ Gameselected $System "$rom"

Place into system/configs/emulationstation/scripts/system-selected
System=$1 #System name
/userdata/ Systemselected $System &

Place in /userdata
case $1 in
if [ -f "/userdata/roms/Marquee/videos/$Romname.mp4" ]
ffmpeg -i /userdata/roms/Marquee/videos/$Romname.mp4 -vf scale=1280:720 -sws_flags bilinear -pix_fmt rgb565le -f fbdev /dev/fb0
if [ -f "/userdata/roms/Marquee/hires/$Romname.jpg" ]
fbv /userdata/roms/Marquee/hires/$Romname.jpg -fer
elif [ -f "$marqueeimage" ]
fbv $marqueeimage -fer
fbv /userdata/roms/mame/images/mame.png -fer
System=$2 #system name
Romname=$3 #romname
if [ -f "/userdata/roms/Marquee/$Romname.png" ]
fbv /userdata/roms/Marquee/$Romname.png -fer
elif [ -f "/userdata/roms/$System/images/$Romname-marquee.png" ]
fbv "/userdata/roms/$System/images/$Romname-marquee.png" -fer
fbv /userdata/roms/Marquee/mame.png -fer
if [ -f "$imagepath.png" ]
fbv "$imagepath.png" -fer
fbv /userdata/roms/mame/images/mame.png -fer

Place in system/scripts
case $1 in
/userdata/ Start $gamepath ${romname%.*} &
killall ffmpeg
  • launch_a_script.txt
  • Last modified: 6 days ago
  • by atari